While he was still speaking, Gen Bajwa cut him short, "This is time to act. We have been briefed adequately on what we have achieved on the diplomatic front. The civilian leadership left the GHQ. Imran was accompanied by the Chief till the portico and both talked in very low tone.
The PM and FM travelled in the same car. The silence was broken by Imran, who asked Shah Mehmood, " How did you find the Chinese attitude this time? But, one impression I clearly carried from there- if push comes to shove, they will be with us; they are with us in this, as always. Continued in Part II. When a young, handsome former Prime Minister of a country, R And additionally, when the assassinated leader belongs to the Nehru-Gandhi Parivar, whose mother too was assassinated by her own security man, he straightway achieves the status of a demigod, beyond reproach.
- Berserker Wars (Saberhagens Berserker Series Book 6);
- Kashmir: Its Aborigines and Their Exodus (Hardcover) | Little City Books!
- Kashmir: Its Aborigines and Their Exodus (Hardcover).
- Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus.
- The ethnic cleansing we have forgotten.
But in these days of instant communication, transparency, social media activism, hectic electioneering and no-hold-barred campaigning, it is futile to think Rajiv Gandhi will be treated like a holy cow. Therefore, he is the latest entry into the election arena, even though in absentia. Had Rajiv Gandhi not left the scene in the manner he did, it is quite certain that he would have been held to account for his many acts of omission and commission by the increasingly assertive Indian electorate.
Some of his decisions as the Prime Minister of the country and actions as leader of the opposition, which gave outside support to the minority govt, were impulsive and thoughtless, to say the least. More importantly, here was a Prime Minister who wasted a massive mandate given by the people of this country Seats ; a mandate to usher in revolutionary changes for which the country waited in anticipation.
Some of his actions caused the country great damage and India continues to pay heavily for these even today. Indian Army paid heavily for this misadventure, losing nearly soldiers, with thousands wounded, many of whom became permanently disabled. It was the first time that Indian Army was exposed to IED warfare and suicide attacks, losing many young lives, barely in their early twenties.
I recall an old man, later working as a peon in an office, losing his two sons there, while he had lost one earlier in operation Blue Star.
Col Tikoo's book on KP exodus released
Since Indian Army does not grumble, their stories of suffering remained hidden and unarticulated. The fact is that no one seemed to be clear about our aim, which for any military campaign, that too in a foreign country, needs to be clearly spelt out. I recall, many years later, in one of the conferences of very senior officers, a senior General asked the Chief of the Army Staff specifically about this issue why a clear-cut directive had not been issued to the Army for Operation Pawan.
But the thoughtless and unplanned manner of dispatching troops to a foreign country, without any preparation and not backed up by solid diplomacy, had grave and far reaching consequences for the country. It is understood that Rajiv Gandhi had not even consulted his foreign policy honcho, Natwar Singh, before ordering Indian Army into the island.
Indian Army spilled huge blood for nothing. By then, Rajiv too had decided to bring Farooq Abdullah back to power in coalition with his own Congress party. As a first step Rajiv eased out Mufti Mohammad Syed, who was opposed to Farooq Abdullah, from the presidentship of the state Congress party by inducting him into Central cabinet.
- Lété (Folio 2€) (French Edition)?
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- Col Tikoo's book on KP exodus released | Greater Kashmir.
- Kashmir: Its Aborigines and their Exodus!
- Telecommunications History and Highlights.
- Théâtre (MON PETIT EDITE) (French Edition).
- Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus - Wikipedia.
Farooq need not have entered into an electoral understanding with the Congress, as he would have won the elections on his own. Nevertheless, he chose to fight these elections in collaboration with Congress, as an insurance against any future challenge to his government from the centre, where Congress was in power once bitten twice shy.
Congress, on the other hand, just wanted to share power, used as it had got to its loaves and fishes! Therefore, for both, it was a marriage of convenience- a marriage between strange bed fellows. In due course, this coalition had a serious fall-out, particularly for the Congress. Being part of the ruling alliance with NC, the entire opposition space was filled-in by the sectarian forces. Besides, being a junior partner of NC, without much power, Congress could not retain its support base, as the Congress cadres were too enjoying the power and pelf that comes with wielding power.
It was in these circumstances that the state assembly elections were held. Though the two leaders, namely Farooq Abdullah and Rajiv Gandhi had entered into an electoral alliance, it did not get translated into a joint working arrangement at the grass-roots level. Not too long-ago, NC workers had burnt the Congress office and indulged in subversive activities on the bidding of the same leaders who were now singing paeans to the alliance.
Therefore, the disgruntled elements joined hands with sectarian forces to form a new alliance, called Muslim United Front MUF. The MUF put up a united and impressive show in the run up to the elections.click
Kashmir: Its Aborigines and Their Exodus
This unnerved the NC-Congress combine. It is now generally accepted that the MUF would not have won more than 8—10 seats in the elections. But, being bent upon regaining power at any cost, the NC-Congress combine did not want to take any chances. It indulged in large-scale electoral malpractices. It used police and other organs of the administration to contrive the results, beating and humiliating its opponents in the process.
It would be worthwhile to examine the election process in one such constituency in some detail, as the allegations of electoral malpractices indulged in by the officials on the orders of NC leaders, and widely believed to be true, had a far-reaching effect on the developing situation in the valley. It is widely believed that the actual counting of votes that took place in Degree College Bemina, clearly established the MUF candidate to have won the election. However, when the results were announced, Ghulam Mohi-ud-din Shah was declared as the winner. Some of the youngsters got terribly infuriated and vowed to avenge the humiliation.
One of those was Aijaz Dar, who was thrown out of the counting centre by the police and the NC candidate. He was so incensed that he shouted right outside the counting hall that he would shoot Farooq Abdullah and other NC leaders, as well as other top police and civil officers. Mohamad Yousuf Shah, along with all his polling agents, was arrested and imprisoned for nine months, during which he was allegedly tortured and humiliated. This particular act by the Congress-NC alliance is considered to be a turning point in the modern history of Kashmir and the single biggest reason for the turmoil that engulfed the Valley soon thereafter and continues to the present day.
As a result, here was just enough space only for a vehicle to pass. The incident was telecast later in the evening by the only TV channel available those days, Doordarshan. Rajiv is also known for having taken a U-turn on an important issue, known as the Shah Bano case.
Col (Dr) Tej Kumar Tikoo (Retd.) - Indian Defence Review
A poor, year old Muslim woman with five children had approached a court with the plea that her husband should pay her Rs. After both the High Court and Supreme Court had ruled in favor of the woman, there were huge demonstrations held by the Muslims led by conservative clergy. Rajiv was unnerved by these demonstrations and passed a new legislation to overrule the court.
Through this action, Rajiv dealt a deathly blow to the dignity of Muslim women just to appease the vote bank held captive by the conservative Muslim clergy. He went further on this appeasement path by also banning Salman Rushdie's classic work - Satanic Verses. Believe it or not, he did this even before any Islamic nation had done so. Such acts created a reaction among the progressive opinion and to douse it, he opened the gates of Babri Masjid and permitted some construction near the Masjid, eventually leading to the present state of confrontation between the two communities, which could otherwise have been resolved amicably.
In the years following this scandal, a lot of details have come into the public domain, which clearly point towards Sonia Gandhi and her Italian contacts, who allegedly fled with millions of dollars in kickbacks in India's biggest scam of the time. Warren Anderson, Chairman of the Union Carbide, from where the gas had leaked, had landed in Bhopal and was immediately put under detention in the factory guest room.
Several reports have suggested that the government of PM Rajiv Gandhi was pressured by the US to let him go scot free. What is even worse, a special aircraft was sent from Delhi to ensure that he was flown out of Bhopal at the earliest and sent to America before any one got the whiff of it. He added that the oral order came "from higher-ups". Warren Anderson never returned to face the trial for the murder of so many people. Nothing has or will damage India more in future than when Rajiv's party presided over the biggest pogrom in India's history; massacre of over Sikhs, mostly in the national capital as a vengeance for the assassination of his mother - Indira Gandhi.
This gave rise to a chain reaction which led to further killings and took Punjab, a most progressive state, back by decades. Rajiv and Congress was complicit in this massacre of unarmed Sikhs and what is worse, in the years to come, the party ensured that none of the accused were brought to justice. In fact, one of those allegedly accused of leading the murderous mobs is one of their Chief Ministers. The story goes something like this: The Lakshadweep Archipelago consists of 30 islands of which Bangaram is one; an uninhabited island, covering a mere half a sq km.
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The Indian Navy's aircraft carrier, INS Virat picked up the holiday-goers, consisting of the PM Rajiv Gandhi, his entire family, friends of his children and members of his in-laws from Mangalore and sailed to Karavatti, the capital of the Lakshwadeep Islands. The 24 holiday-goers included 6 Italian nationals a total of 8 foreigners , 2 unknown foreigners, 14 Indians including Sonia who had surrendered Italian passport 5 years earlier. All of them on a joy-ride, not on a luxury liner, but on the Indian Navy's aircraft carrier- the pride of our forces. Incidentally, the Aircraft carrier is not an ordinary war ship.
It is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase. A capital ship, heading a Carrier Battle Group, requiring exceptional protection for itself. A vulnerable aircraft carrier is a useless white elephant.
The security for an aircraft carrier is a layered, which ensures its in-depth protection against all conceivable threats at sea. Its outer-most layer of protection consists of aircraft on airborne early warning, surveillance and air defence tasks. Another layer of destroyers and frigates, specifically for anti-air, anti-missile and anti-submarine tasks forms the next layer to be followed by the inner-most, close-in-defence by the systems on the carrier itself.
In this case, a submarine was rumored to be lurking around too. Bangaram is an uninhabited island. Therefore, everything was set-up from a scratch. A temporary farm with chickens was set-up with two cooks working full-time, under the personal supervision of the Gandhi's personal cook.
Crates of liquor were brought from New Delhi, cold drinks and drinking water was supplied from Karavatti. As would be evident, virtually the entire State machinery was exploited and security compromised. This raises several questions and reveals why the Gandhi Parivaar, feels that the country owes it to them to take care of all their needs. However, let me add my two cents. Admiral Ramdoss, who at that time was FoC in C of the Eastern Fleet and under whose operational jurisdiction this trip was planned, was later political advisor to AAP, an unabashed Pakistan supporter, a prominent member of the candle light march brigade, whose daughter is married to a Pakistani and who himself is alleged to be on the pay roll of Ford Foundation, a CIA front.
Rather than discussing the situation created by Pakistan sponsored militants, he berated the Governor for not receiving the Dy PM, Devi Lal at the airport. It is also reported that he objected to the seating arrangement in the Raj Bhavan rather than conducting an objective assessment of the fast deteriorating situation in the valley.
Rajiv Gandhi was Prime Minister of the country from to The radical Islamists targeted this miniscule community creating enormous fear, panic and terrible sense of insecurity. In the face of ruthless atrocities inflicted on them, their sole concern was their physical safety and their resolve not to convert to Islam. Pandits travails did not end with the exodus. The obstructive and intimidating attitude of the State administration towards them as refugees in an alien environment, made their post-exodus life even more miserable. Twenty three years after their exodus, Kashmiri Pandits have not been able to return to their homes in Kashmir.